The world oldest known carpet is Pazirik carpet made 500 BC.

HIGH RENAISSANCE OF HEREKE

Back in the mid-15th century when the “High Renaissance” spirit spread from the Adriatic Sea to make a tremendous impact on the European continent, all whilst the borders of the Ottoman Empire were approaching the eastern outskirts of Vienna. Today, this enduring history of the Ottoman Empire as the super power of that period is exquisitely revived in Hereke carpets, which own the tittle “The World’s Best Carpet”.Under the domes built by Architect Sinan and behind the engraved doors of Dolmabahçe Palace, anything related to the Orient enamored the West to the human figure and adorned the dreams of Europeans. On the contrary, since all paintings portraying living creatures were forbidden in Islam, the Ottomans were forced to invent new solutions to depict themselves by other means. Calligraphy was born; miniatures emerged along with engravings, while the wonders of muralists attempted to surpass engravers’ skillful hands. The need of “soothing the soul with artistic expression” which originates from the very existence of human beings was enough to overcome the aforementioned prohibitions and discover new expressive forms to adopt. Marbling ruffled colors as to give the feeling of walking on a lake on the covers of İbrahim Müteferrika books that utilized traditional graceful ceramic designs is one of many methods employed to liven up books.The marvelous silk and wool Hereke carpets of the Sultan Abdülmecid period that easily spread to the entire world did emerge in a similar manner.  Each nation and culture chooses a different method of expressing themselves and their legacies. Consequently, the inhabitants of this territory portrayed and depicted their stories, legends and hopes with such intricate designs.Even though it is difficult to encapsulate more than 600 years of history, during which vast territories were ruled and transformed from nomadic spans to permanent settlements, a milestone with great significance occurred during the year 1843, when the Hereke Carpet Factory was officially established. Such event can be crowned as the pinnacle of the High Renaissance in the East. It is impossible not to appreciate this sensational occurrence that impacted the world and reflected the qualities and heritage of that era as they have been.